The study and practice of medicine can be subdivided into a variety of specializations in which doctors can focus their skills as their career progresses.
There are many to choose from, with some of the more common fields of medicine including the following.
This is one of the more wide ranging fields of medicine and typically relates to family doctors in their own practice or a medical facility. It is concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of a wide range of ailments and is usually the first point of call for most patients that need professional medical assistance.
Obstetrics and Gynecology
These two areas are specifically aimed at the medical care of women. Obstetrics is related to the field of pregnancy and childbirth, while gynecology is primarily concerned with ailments of the reproductive organs of women.
A pediatrician is trained to deal with the illnesses and medical conditions that affect children. This can range from preventative treatments such as immunizations to dealing with more serious conditions that kids from birth to teenage years can be prone to.
This is the field of medicine aimed at diagnosing and treating health problems that afflict elderly men and women. This in particular deals with issues related to the decline of an aging body and organs, and looks to provide care to maintain the health of elderly individuals.
Psychiatry is the medical specialization that deals with mental health. This requires an understanding of how the mind works and the particular dysfunctions and conditions that can affect this. It can deal with any age group although there are sub-specializations in child and adult mental healthcare.
These are only a few of the many fields into which medicine can be divided though. Others include diagnosis techniques such as pathology and radiology, surgical techniques such as anesthetics, and specializations in a particular part of the body such as cardiology for heart diseases and ophthalmics for eye conditions.